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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-9

Higher-Order Aberrations in Myopic Eyes


Labbafinejad Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Farid Karimian
Associate Professor of Ophthalmology; Ophthalmic Research Center, No. 23, Amir Ebrahimi St., Boostan 9 St., Pasdaran Ave., Tehran 16666
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Purpose: To evaluate the correlation between refractive error and higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in patients with myopic astigmatism. Methods: HOAs were measured using the Zywave II aberrometer over a 6 mm pupil. Correlations between HOAs and myopia, astigmatism, and age were analyzed. Results: One hundred and twenty-six eyes of 63 subjects with mean age of 26.4±5.9 years were studied. Mean spherical equivalent refractive error and refractive astigmatism were -4.94±1.63 D and 0.96±1.06 D, respectively. The most common higher-order aberration was primary horizontal trefoil with mean value of 0.069±0.152 μm followed by spherical aberration (-0.064±0.130 μm) and primary vertical coma (-0.038±0.148 μm). As the order of aberration increased from third to fifth, its contribution to total HOA decreased: 53.9% for third order, 31.9% for fourth order, and 14.2% for fifth order aberrations. Significant correlations were observed between spherical equivalent refractive error and primary horizontal coma (R=0.231, P=0.022), and root mean square (RMS) of spherical aberration (R=0.213, P=0.031); between astigmatism and RMS of total HOA (R=0.251, P=0.032), RMS of fourth order aberration (R=0.35, P<0.001), and primary horizontal coma (R=0.314, P=0.004). Spherical aberration (R=0.214, P=0.034) and secondary vertical coma (R=0.203, P=0.031) significantly increased with age. Conclusion: Primary horizontal trefoil, spherical aberration and primary vertical coma are the predominant higher-order aberrations in eyes with myopic astigmatism.


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