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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 110-121

Optical Coherence Tomographic Findings in Highly Myopic Eyes


1 Noor Ophthalmology Research Center, Noor Eye Hospital; Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Noor Ophthalmology Research Center, Noor Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Fedra Hajizadeh Hajizadeh
Noor Ophthalmology Research Center, Noor Eye Hospital, No. 96, Esfandiar Blvd., Vali'asr Ave., Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has enhanced our understanding of changes in different ocular layers when axial myopia progresses and the globe is stretched. These findings consist of dehiscence of retinal layers known as retinoschisis, paravascular inner retinal cleavage, cysts and lamellar holes, peripapillary intrachoroidal cavitation, tractional internal limiting membrane detachment, macular holes (lamellar and full thickness), posterior retinal detachment, and choroidal neovascular membranes. In this review, recent observations regarding retinal changes in highly myopic eyes explored by OCT are described to highlight structural findings that cannot be diagnosed by simple ophthalmoscopy.


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