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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-31

Effect of Cataract Type and Severity on Visual Acuity and Contrast Sensitivity


1 Department of Optometry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Eye Research Centre, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Department of Optometry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Depatment of Biostatistics, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Javad Heravian Shandiz
Department of Optometry, Paramedical Faculty, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Felestin Sq., Mashhad
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Purpose: To determine the effect of cataract type and severity in eyes with pure types of age-related lens opacities on visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity in the presence and absence of glare conditions. Methods: Sixty patients with senile cataracts aged 40 years or older with no other ocular pathologies were evaluated for VA and contrast sensitivity with and without glare. Lens opacities were classified according to the Lens Opacities Classification System (LOCS) III. VA was measured using the Snellen chart. Contrast sensitivity was measured with the Vector Vision CSV-1000E chart in the presence and absence of glare by calculating the area under log contrast sensitivity (log CS) function (AULCSF). Results: Cataracts were posterior subcapsular in 26 eyes, cortical in 19 eyes and nuclear in 15 eyes. VA significantly decreased with increasing cataract severity and there was significant loss of contrast sensitivity at all spatial frequencies with increasing cataract severity. AULCSF significantly decreased with increasing cataract severity in the presence and absence of glare conditions. Contrast sensitivity was significantly reduced at high spatial frequency (18 cpd) in cortical cataracts in the presence of glare in day light and at low spatial frequency (3 cpd) in night light. Conclusion: Increased cataract severity is strongly associated with a decrease in both VA and AULCSF. Contrast sensitivity scores may offer additional information over standard VA tests in patients with early age-related cataracts.


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