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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 114-118

Pattern of Ocular Injuries in Owo, Nigeria

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Federal Medical Center, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria
2 Department of Radiology, Federal Medical Center, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Charles Oluwole Omolase
Consultant Ophthalmologist, Department
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Purpose: To determine the pattern of ocular injuries in patients presenting to the eye clinic and the accident and emergency department of Federal Medical Center, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. Methods: This prospective study was conducted between January and December 2009. Federal Medical Center, Owo is the only tertiary hospital in Ondo State, Nigeria. The eye center located at this medical center was the only eye care facility in the community at the time of this study. All patients were interviewed with the aid of an interviewer-administered questionnaire and underwent a detailed ocular examination. Results: Of 132 patients included in the study, most (84.1%) sustained blunt eye injury while (12.1%) had penetrating eye injury. A considerable proportion of patients (37.9%) presented within 24 hours of injury. Vegetative materials were the most common (42.4%) offending agent, a minority of patients (22%) was admitted and none of the patients had used eye protection at the time of injury. Conclusion: In the current series, blunt eye injury was the most common type of ocular trauma. The community should be educated and informed about the importance of preventive measures including protective eye devices during high risk activities. Patients should be encouraged to present early following ocular injury.

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