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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 108-111

Recurrent corneal perforation due to chronic graft versus host disease; a clinicopathologic report

1 Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Noor Ophthalmology Research Center, Noor Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mehrdad Mohammadpour
Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin Square, Tehran 13366
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2008-322X.180705

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Purpose: To describe a case of chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) leading to severe dry eye and recurrent corneal perforation in both eyes, its stepwise management and histopathological reports. Case Report: A 22-year-old woman with a history of thalassemia and subsequent high-dose chemotherapy followed by allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) was referred to Farabi Eye Hospital. Despite aggressive medical and surgical intervention, corneal vascularization in her right eye progressed and led to corneal perforation. Cyanoacrylate glue was applied to seal the perforation, however it recurred. Multilayer amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) was performed to seal the corneal perforation, which was effective for a short period. Subsequently, the corneal perforation recurred and penetrating keratoplasty was performed. After a few months deep vascularization and descemetocele occurred in the fellow left eye and the patient finally underwent therapeutic lamellar keratoplasty. Conclusion: Patients with GVHD are at risk of severe dry eye and subsequent corneal vascularization. Recurrent and recalcitrant corneal perforation resistant to cyanoacrylate glue and multilayer AMT may occur. Proper systemic and ocular management alongside close collaboration with the hematologist is strongly recommended to control the condition.

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