• Users Online: 173
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home Current issue Ahead of print Search About us Abstracting and Indexing Editorial board Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 139-143

Bilateral vitreous hemorrhage in children: Clinical features and outcomes

Smt. Kanuri Santhamma Centre for Vitreoretinal Diseases, KAR Campus, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Jay Chhablani
LV Prasad Eye Institute, KAR Campus, Banjara Hills, Road No. 2, Hyderabad - 500 034, Telangana
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: Nil., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2008-322X.163769

Rights and Permissions

Purpose: To determine the etiology, clinical features and outcomes of bilateral vitreous hemorrhage (VH) in children. Methods: This retrospective chart review was performed on patients with bilateral VH under the age of 18 at a tertiary eye care center in India. Data included demographics, details of history and ocular examination, reports of investigations, surgeries or other interventions performed, and final anatomical and visual outcomes. Patients were divided into two groups i.e., traumatic and non-traumatic (spontaneous). Results: The traumatic group was comprised of 37 patients including 27 male and 10 female subjects with mean age of 13.47 ± 5.31 years, the most common complaint was decreased vision (96.45%) and the most prevalent etiology was firecracker injury in 16 (43.2%) patients. Mean baseline visual acuity (VA) was 2.34 ± 1.31 logMAR which was significantly improved to 1.08 ± 0.23 logMAR (P = 0.042). The mean number of surgeries was 2.72 ± 1.43 in the traumatic VH and mean follow up period was 23.14 ± 6.54 months. The spontaneous group included 48 subjects comprised of 27 male and 21 female cases with mean age of 14.48 ± 2.03 years. The most common cause was vasculitis in 21 (43.75%) subjects including four patients with tuberculosis. Mean baseline VA was 1.97 ± 1.13 logMAR which showed a significant improvement to 0.82 ± 0.24 logMAR (P = 0.012) after mean follow up of 34.2 ± 11.2 months. Eleven patients required at least one major surgery. Conclusion: Vasculitis was the most common cause of spontaneous bilateral VH; traumatic VH most prevalently occurred due to firecracker injury. Final VA was better in the spontaneous group.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded162    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal